The highest point in the Republic of the Congo is Mount Berongou (903 m).
The Congo River is the second longest river in Africa.
Pygmy people were the first of the Republic of the Congo’s ethnic groups to inhabit the area.
The Portuguese, the first Europeans to explore the region, arrived in 1482.
Towards the end of the nineteenth century the French negotiated treaties with rulers on the right bank of the Congo River. A French Protectorate was established.
Brazzaville was named after Pierre Savorgnan de Brazza who worked on behalf of the French.
The coast was a centre of the slave trade.
France abolished the slave trade in 1826 but slavery remained in the French colonies until 1848.
Between 1970 and 1992 the Republic of the Congo was known as the People’s Republic of the Congo.
The Republic of the Congo experienced violence and unrest in 1993, and a civil war in 1997.
Capital City: Brazzaville is the capital and largest city of the Republic of the Congo and is located on the Congo River. As of the 2007 census, it had a population of 1,373,382.
Religion: Almost 50% of the population are Christian with about 90% of all Christians affiliated with the Roman Catholic Church. A small number of Christians practice Kimbanquism, a combination of Christian and native customs and beliefs which originated in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Less than 2% of the population are Muslim, mostly immigrants from north and west Africa who work or reside in urban centers. The remainder practice traditional indigenous religions or no religion. With the approval of a new constitution in January 2002, freedom of religion is officially protected and discrimination on the basis of religious affiliation is specifically forbidden.