>> Africa Region
>> West Africa Subregion
>> Mauritania
Population numbers: 3.89 million
How many square miles: 397,700 square miles
Geography fast facts (uniqueness)
  • Mauritania passed a law to abolish slavery only in 1981. It is one of the last countries to do so.
  • Despite the legislation against slavery, there still exists around 90,000 slaves in Mauritania according to 2003 estimates.
  • Mauritania is one of the poorest countries in the world, with 40% of its population below poverty line.
  • Aside from Madagascar, Mauritania is the only other country that does not use a decimal currency.
  • One of the longest trains in the world is found in Mauritania. It measures almost three kilometers long.
  • If you look at Mauritania from space, you can see a clear bullseye-like image called the Eye of Africa. Nobody knows yet for sure what created this gigantic ground sculpture.
  • Two-thirds of Mauritania is covered by desert, which expands southward every year.
  • Nouahchott, which means “place of the winds,” was designated as the country’s capital only in 1960 and is therefore one of the world’s newest capitals.
  • Offshore oil was discovered in Mauritania in 2001.
  • Mauritania’s tallest mountain, the 915-meter-tall Mount Ijill, is made almost entirely of hematite (iron ore).
Capital City: Nouakchott is the capital and largest city of Mauritania. It is one of the largest cities in the Sahara. The city is the administrative and economic centre of Mauritania. 
Religion: Islam is by far the largest and most influential religion in the country, and has been since the 10th century. According to government census, 100% of the country’s citizens are Muslim. Like much of North Africa, Mauritanians follow the Maliki school of Islam.
UPCI Missionaries:

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